मङ्लबार, मंसिर १६, २०७७

||    शुक्लाफाँटा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्जः राजश्व आम्दानी (०७६/०७७)   || Shuklaphanta National Park: Global Tiger Day 2020 Celebrated   || शुक्लाफाँटा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज: पर्यटक संख्या (०७६/०७७)   ||

Habitat – Shuklaphanta National Park

शुक्लाफाँटा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज: पर्यटक संख्या (०७६/०७७)

Forests

Shuklaphanta National Park supports a wide range of biodiversity which is nationally and globally important. The forests covers ca.60 % of the park area. The majority of the park is covered by the sal Shorea robusta dominated forest which is climax vegetation in the Park. Associated trees in the sal forest are Terminalia alata, Terminalia belerica, Largestromia parviflora, and Pterocarpus marsupium. The middle layer vegetation is dominated by Cleistocalyx operculatus, Buchanania latifolia, Mallotus philippensis and Careya arborea in the Sal forests. Other forest habitat types are moist riverine forest (Trewia nudiflora, Syzigium cumini, Mallotus philippinensis) and Khair Sissoo Forest (Dalbergia sisoo, Acacia catechu).

Grasslands

The park is famous for its grassland habitats covering 27% of the park’s total area. Shuklaphanta is the largest intact grassland in Nepal which covers an area of 34 km2 in south-west of the Bahuni River and south of the forest (ShNP 2017). It is savanna type floodplain grassland consisting a mosaic of tall and short grass. Short grasslands are interspersed with tall grassland patches in the central part of the Shuklaphanta.Besides Shuklaphanta; Barkaula, Karaiya, Radhapur, Kalikich, Singhpur, Haraiya, Suryaphanta, Andaiya Pattaiya, Bhatpuri, Dhakka, Tarapur, Hirapur and Arjuni, are the other important grassland habitats in the park.

Wetlands

The rivers, streams, lakes and swamps are the primary sources of drinking water for wildlife in the park. Mahakali, Chaudhar and Syali are the major river systems whereas Bahuni and Lalpani are other important streams. An irrigation canal passing through the Park in Eastern Sector (between Barnikheda and Beldadi) also supports water for wildlife. However, this 20 km irrigation canal and a road along the canal bisecting the park might also affect the wildlife movement. The other water sources in the park are ox-bow lakes such as Ranital, Solghaudital, Kalikichtal, Shikarital, Ghumaunetal, Taratal, Babatal and marshes in the grasslands. These wetlands are important for wild animals including migratory birds for drinking water, wadding and wallowing.

Settlements & Cultivated Lands

The park is famous for its grassland habitats covering 27% of the park’s total area. Shuklaphanta is the largest intact grassland in Nepal which covers an area of 34 km2 in south-west of the Bahuni River and south of the forest (ShNP 2017). It is savanna type floodplain grassland consisting a mosaic of tall and short grass. Short grasslands are interspersed with tall grassland patches in the central part of the Shuklaphanta.Besides Shuklaphanta; Barkaula, Karaiya, Radhapur, Kalikich, Singhpur, Haraiya, Suryaphanta, Andaiya Pattaiya, Bhatpuri, Dhakka, Tarapur, Hirapur and Arjuni, are the other important grassland habitats in the park.