शनिबार, अशोज १०, २०७७

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Mammals – Shuklaphanta National Park

शुक्लाफाँटा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज: पर्यटक संख्या (०७६/०७७)

Wild Mammals of The Shuklaphanta National Park

A total of 56 mammalian species are documented from the Shuklaphanta National Park based on camera-trap photographs and published records. Out of 56 mammal species, 17 are globally threatened, 3 are near threatened in IUCN Red List (www.iucnredlist.org)  and 34 species are listed in CITES Appendices (10 in Appendix I; 8 in Appendix II; and 16 in Appendix III) (www.cites.org). 23 species are nationally threatened, 1 is near threatened and 5 are data deficient in the Nepal Red Data Book: The Status of Nepal’s Mammals. Ten species are protected by the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 as Schedule I species.

Population Estimate
Rhinoceros: 17 Royal Bengal Tiger: 16 Barasingha: 2272 Nilgai: 82 Blackbuck: 109
Code ORDER Family English Name Nepali Name Scientific Name File
16 CARNIVORA Mustelidae Honey Badger रतेल Mellivora capensis
15 CARNIVORA Mustelidae Yellow-throated Marten मलसाप्रो Martes flavigula
14 CARNIVORA Mustelidae Smooth-coated Otter खैरो ओँत Lutrogale perspicillata
13 CARNIVORA Ursidae Sloth Bear काठे भालु Melursus ursinus
12 CARNIVORA Canidae Bengal Fox फ्याउरो Vulpes bengalensis
11 CARNIVORA Canidae Asiatic Wild Dog ढोले, वन कुकुर Cuon alpinus
10 CARNIVORA Canidae Golden Jackal स्याल Canis aureus
9 PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Tarai Gray Langur लङ्गुरे बाँदर Semnopithecus hector
8 PRIMATES Cercopithecidae Rhesus Monkey रातो बाँदर Macaca mulatta
7 CHIROPTERA Vespertilionidae Greater Asiatic Yellow House Bat ठुलो यसियाली पित्ता चमेरा Scotophilus heathi
6 CHIROPTERA Vespertilionidae Painted Bat रङ्गीचङ्गी चमेरा Kerivoula picta
5 CHIROPTERA Pteropodidae Greater Short-nosed Fruit Bat नेप्टे चमेरा Cynopterus sphinx
4 CHIROPTERA Pteropodidae Indian Flying Fox बदुरा Pteropus giganteus
3 INSECTIVORA Soricidae House Shrew घर छुचुन्द्रो Suncus murinus
2 PHOLIDOTA Manidae Chinese Pangolin कालो सालक Manis pentadactyla
1 PHOLIDOTA Manidae Indian Pangolin तामे सालक Manis crassicaudata
17 CARNIVORA Viverridae Masked Palm Civet गाजले नीरविरालो Paguma larvata
18 CARNIVORA Viverridae Asian Palm Civet ताडि नीरविरालो Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
19 CARNIVORA Viverridae Large Indian Civet ठुलो नीरविरालो Viverra zibetha
20 CARNIVORA Viverridae Small Indian Civet सानो नीरविरालो Viverricula indica
21 CARNIVORA Herpestidae Indian Grey Mongoose ठुलो न्याउरीमुसा Herpestes edwardsii
22 CARNIVORA Herpestidae Crab-eating Mongoose गँगटे न्याउरीमुसा Herpestes urva
23 CARNIVORA Herpestidae Ruddy Mongoose रातो न्याउरीमुसा Herpestes smithii
24 CARNIVORA Herpestidae Small Asian Mongoose सानो न्याउरीमुसा Herpestes auropunctatus
25 CARNIVORA Hyaenidae Striped Hyaena हुँडार Hyaena hyaena
26 CARNIVORA Felidae Jungle Cat वन बिरालो Felis chaus
27 CARNIVORA Felidae Common Leopard चितुवा Panthera pardus
28 CARNIVORA Felidae Bengal Tiger बाघ Panthera tigris
29 CARNIVORA Felidae Leopard Cat चरी बाघ Prionailurus bengalensis
30 CARNIVORA Felidae Fishing Cat मलाहा बिरालो Prionailurus viverrinus
31 CARNIVORA Felidae Rusty-spotted Cat खियाथोप्ले बिरालो Prionailurus rubiginosus
32 PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Asian Elephant जङ्गली हात्ती Elephas maximus
33 PERISSODACTYLA Rhinocerotidae Greater One-horned Rhinoceros गैँडा Rhinoceros unicornis
34 ARTIODACTYLA Suidae Wild Boar जङ्गली बँदेल Sus scrofa
35 ARTIODACTYLA Cervidae Spotted Deer चित्तल Axis axis
36 ARTIODACTYLA Cervidae Hog Deer लगुना Axis porcinus
37 ARTIODACTYLA Cervidae Swamp Deer बाह्रसिङ्गा Rucervus duvauceli
38 ARTIODACTYLA Cervidae Sambar Deer जरायो Rusa unicolor
39 ARTIODACTYLA Cervidae Barking Deer रतुवा Muntiacus vaginalis
40 ARTIODACTYLA Bovidae Black Buck कृष्णसार Antilope cervicapra
41 ARTIODACTYLA Bovidae Nilgai निलगाई Boselaphus tragocamelus
42 RODENTIA Scuiridae Five-striped Palm Squirrel पाँचधर्के लोखर्के Funambulus pennantii
43 RODENTIA Pteromyidae Hodgson's Giant Flying Squirrel सुन्दर राजपन्खी लोखर्के Petaurista magnificus
44 RODENTIA Pteromyidae Red Giant Flying Squirrel रातो राजपन्खी लोखर्के Petaurista petaurista
45 RODENTIA Muridae Lesser Bandicoot Rat सानो ढाडेमुसो Bandicota bengalensis
46 RODENTIA Muridae Large Bandicoot Rat ठुलो ढाडेमुसो Bandicota indica
47 RODENTIA Muridae Indian Bush Rat झाडी मुसो Golunda ellioti
48 RODENTIA Muridae Little Indian Field Mouse सानो खेत मुसो Mus booduga
49 RODENTIA Muridae House Mouse डुहुरे घरमुसो Mus musculus
50 RODENTIA Muridae Turkestan Rat तुरकिसताने मुसो Rattus pyctoris
51 RODENTIA Muridae House Rat घर मुसो Rattus rattus
52 RODENTIA Muridae Asiatic Long-tailed Climbing Mouse लामपुच्छ्रे रुखमुसो Vandeleuria oleracea
53 RODENTIA Muridae Indian Gerbil उफ्रने मुसा Tatera indica
54 RODENTIA Hystricidae Indian Crested Porcupine जुरे दुम्सी Hystrix indica
55 LAGOMORPHA Leporidae Indian Hare खैरो खरायो Lepus nigricollis
56 LAGOMORPHA Leporidae Hispid Hare लघुकर्ण खरायो Caprolagus hispidus