शनिबार, अशोज १०, २०७७

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Reptiles – Shuklaphanta National Park

शुक्लाफाँटा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज: पर्यटक संख्या (०७६/०७७)

Reptiles of The Shuklaphanta National Park

A total of 56 species of reptiles have been recorded so far in Shuklaphanta National Park representing 3 Orders and 17 Families. 8 species are globally threatened (www.iucnredlist.org); they are Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), Sal Forest Turtle (Melanochelys tricarinata), Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica), Gangetic Softshell Turtle (Nilssonia gangetica), Peacock Softshell Turtle (Nilssonia hurum), Burmese Python (Python bivittatus), Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) and King Cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah). Golden Monitor Lizard (Varanus flavescens) and Python are included in the Annex I of NPWC Act 1973. For more detail please go through the paper Herpetofauna of Shuklaphanta National Park.

Other facts on the reptiles of Shuklaphanta National Park:

  • Among the 56 species of reptiles; 30 species are of snakes/सर्प followed by turtles/कछुवा (9), skinks/भानेमुंग्रो (6), agamids/छेपारो (4), geckos/माउसुली (4), monitors/गोहोरो (2) and crocodile/गोही (1).
  • Among the 30 species of snakes, 5 are venomous (poisonous); they are Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus), Banded Krait (Bungarus fasciatus), Monocled Cobra (Naja kaouthia), Common Cobra (Naja naja) and King Cobra.
  • Burmese Python is the largest snake of Nepal and Brahminy Blind Snake (Indotyphlops braminus) is the smallest snake of Nepal. Both are recorded in the Shuklaphanta National Park. Brahminy Blind Snake measures about 5-10 centimeter in length whereas Burmese Python measures about 3-5 meter in length.
  • Shuklaphanta Fan-throated Lizard (Sitana schleichi) is endemic to Nepal and has been recorded only from Shuklaphanta National Park.
  • Laudanka Vine Snake (Ahaetulla laudankia) was recorded from Larighat area of Shuklaphanta National Park during 2017-2019 -as a new snake species for Nepal. Later it was recorded from Bardia and Chitwan National Parks too.
Code ORDER Family English Name Nepali Name Scientific Name
1 Crocodylia Crocodylidae Mugger Crocodile मगर गोही Crocodylus palustris
2 Testudines Geoemydidae Sal Forest Turtle तीनधर्के ठोटरी Melanochelys tricarinata
3 Testudines Geoemydidae Black Pond Turtle काले कछुवा Melanochelys trijuga
4 Testudines Geoemydidae Indian Tent Turtle गुलाबी धर्के ठोटरी Pangshura tentoria
5 Testudines Geoemydidae Indian-roofed Turtle धर्के कण्ठे ठोटरी Pangshura tecta
6 Testudines Testudinidae Elongated Tortoise भुईँ ठोटरी Indotestudo elongata
7 Testudines Trionychidae Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle बडहर कछुवा Chitra indica
8 Testudines Trionychidae Indian Flapshell Turtle कुबडी कछुवा Lissemys punctata
9 Testudines Trionychidae Gangetc Sofshell Turtle कटैया Nilssonia gangetica
10 Testudines Trionychidae Peacock Soft-shelled Turtle पुतली कछुवा Nilssonia hurum
11 Squamata Agamidae Common Garden Lizard छेपारो Calotes versicolor
12 Squamata Agamidae Rock Lizard पत्थर चटुवा Laudakia tuberculata
13 Squamata Agamidae Shuklaphanta Sitana शुक्लाफाँटा पंखाकण्ठे छेपारो Sitana schleichi
14 Squamata Agamidae Shivalik Sitana चुरे पंखाकण्ठे छेपारो Sitana sivalensis
15 Squamata Gekkonidae Brook's Gecko थोप्ले घर माउसुली Hemidactylus brookii
16 Squamata Gekkonidae Yellow-bellied Gecko पहेँलो भूडे माउसुली Hemidactylus faviviridis
17 Squamata Gekkonidae Common House Gecko धर्के घर माउसुली Hemidactylus frenatus
18 Squamata Gekkonidae Indo-pacifc Gecko सेतो थोप्ले माउसुली Hemidactylus garnoti
19 Squamata Scincidae Sikkim Ground Skink सिक्किमे भानेमुंग्रो Asymblepharus sikimmensis
20 Squamata Scincidae Common Grass Skink हल्दे किनारे भानेमुंग्रो Eutropis carinata
21 Squamata Scincidae Striped Skink धर्के घाँसे भानेमुंग्रो Eutropis dissimilis
22 Squamata Scincidae Bronze Grass Skink काँसे भानेमुंग्रो Eutropis macularia
23 Squamata Scincidae Suppled Grass Skink खैरो पुड्के भानेमुंग्रो Lygosoma albopunctata
24 Squamata Scincidae Sal Forest Skink खोल्से भानेमुंग्रो Sphenomorphus maculatus
25 Squamata Varanidae Bengal Monitor Lizard भैंसे गोहोरो Varanus bengalensis
26 Squamata Varanidae Golden Monitor Lizard सुन गोहोरो Varanus flavescens
27 Squamata Boidae Common Boa कालो धुसर Eryx conicus
28 Squamata Boidae Red Sand Boa लाल धुसरी Eryx johnii
29 Squamata Pythonidae Burmese Python बर्मेली अजिंगर Python bivittatus
30 Squamata Colubridae Laudanka Vine Snake लहरे साँप Ahaetulla laudankia
31 Squamata Colubridae Common Vine Snake सुगा साँप Ahaetulla nasuta
32 Squamata Colubridae Forsten's Cat Snake लोहागिन Boiga forsteni
33 Squamata Colubridae Common Cat Snake बत्युडे साँप Boiga trigonata
34 Squamata Colubridae Ornate Gliding Snake तक्षक नाग Chrysopelea ornata
35 Squamata Colubridae Common Trinket Snake कालो मुखे सिंगारे सर्प Coelognathus helena
36 Squamata Colubridae Copper-head Trinket Snake रातोटाउके सिँगारे सर्प Coelognathus radiatus
37 Squamata Colubridae Bronzeback Tree Snake सिरिषे सर्प Dendrelaphis trists
38 Squamata Colubridae Common Wolf Snake चिचिण्डे सर्प Lycodon aulicus
39 Squamata Colubridae Twin-spotted Wolf Snake पहेँलो थोप्ले सर्प Lycodon jara
40 Squamata Colubridae Barred Wolf Snake पट्टीदार चिचिण्डे सर्प Lycodon striatus
41 Squamata Colubridae Banded Kukri Snake साँखड साँप Oligodon arnensis
42 Squamata Colubridae Red kukri Snake मुगा राते खुकुरी सर्प Oligodon kheriensis
43 Squamata Colubridae Rat Snake धामन Ptyas mucosa
44 Squamata Colubridae Cantor's Black-headed Snake क्यान्टरको कालो टाउके सर्प Sibynophis sagittarius
45 Squamata Homalopsidae Common Smooth Water Snake ईन्द्रेणी सर्प Enhydris enhydris
46 Squamata Homalopsidae Siebold's Water Snake मछगिदी Ferania sieboldii
47 Squamata Psammophiidae Sand Snake बलौटे सर्प Psammophis condanarus
48 Squamata Natricidae Striped Keelback हरहरा/ बगाले सर्प Amphiesma stolatum
49 Squamata Natricidae Checkered Keelback ढोडिया पानी सर्प Fowlea piscator
50 Squamata Elapidae Common Krait घोड–गडाइच Bungarus caeruleus
51 Squamata Elapidae Banded Krait गनग्वारी Bungarus fasciatus
52 Squamata Elapidae Monocled Cobra पनियादराद Naja kaouthia
53 Squamata Elapidae Common Cobra गोमन Naja naja
54 Squamata Elapidae King Cobra राज गोमन Ophiophagus hannah
55 Squamata Typhlopidae Brahminy Blind Snake मट्टी साँप Indotyphlops braminus
56 Squamata Viperidae Russell's Viper बाघे सर्प Daboia russelii